When installing Rancher, there are several advanced options that can be enabled:

Custom CA Certificate

If you want to configure Rancher to use a CA root certificate to be used when validating services, you would start the Rancher container sharing the directory that contains the CA root certificate.

Use the command example to start a Rancher container with your private CA certificates mounted.

  • The volume flag (-v) should specify the host directory containing the CA root certificates.
  • The environment variable flag (-e) in combination with SSL_CERT_DIR and directory declares an environment variable that specifies the mounted CA root certificates directory location inside the container.
  • Passing environment variables to the Rancher container can be done using -e KEY=VALUE or --env KEY=VALUE.
  • Mounting a host directory inside the container can be done using -v host-source-directory:container-destination-directory or --volume host-source-directory:container-destination-directory.

The example below is based on having the CA root certificates in the /host/certs directory on the host and mounting this directory on /container/certs inside the Rancher container.

docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped \
  -p 80:80 -p 443:443 \
  -v /host/certs:/container/certs \
  -e SSL_CERT_DIR="/container/certs" \
  rancher/rancher:latest

API Audit Log

The API Audit Log records all the user and system transactions made through Rancher server.

The API Audit Log writes to /var/log/auditlog inside the rancher container by default. Share that directory as a volume and set your AUDIT_LEVEL to enable the log.

See API Audit Log for more information and options.

docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped \
  -p 80:80 -p 443:443 \
  -v /var/log/rancher/auditlog:/var/log/auditlog \
  -e AUDIT_LEVEL=1 \
  rancher/rancher:latest

TLS settings

Available as of v2.1.7

To set a different TLS configuration, you can use the CATTLE_TLS_MIN_VERSION and CATTLE_TLS_CIPHERS environment variables. For example, to configure TLS 1.0 as minimum accepted TLS version:

docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped \
  -p 80:80 -p 443:443 \
  -e CATTLE_TLS_MIN_VERSION="1.0" \
  rancher/rancher:latest

See TLS settings for more information and options.

Air Gap

If you are visiting this page to complete an air gap installation, you must prepend your private registry URL to the server tag when running the installation command in the option that you choose. Add <REGISTRY.DOMAIN.COM:PORT> with your private registry URL in front of rancher/rancher:latest.

Example:

 <REGISTRY.DOMAIN.COM:PORT>/rancher/rancher:latest

Persistent Data

Rancher uses etcd as datastore. When using the Docker Install, the embedded etcd is being used. The persistent data is at the following path in the container: /var/lib/rancher. You can bind mount a host volume to this location to preserve data on the host it is running on. When using RancherOS, please check what persistent storage directories you can use to store the data.

Command:

docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped \
  -p 80:80 -p 443:443 \
  -v /opt/rancher:/var/lib/rancher \
  rancher/rancher:latest

Running rancher/rancher and rancher/rancher-agent on the Same Node

In the situation where you want to use a single node to run Rancher and to be able to add the same node to a cluster, you have to adjust the host ports mapped for the rancher/rancher container.

If a node is added to a cluster, it deploys the nginx ingress controller which will use port 80 and 443. This will conflict with the default ports we advise to expose for the rancher/rancher container.

Please note that this setup is not recommended for production use, but can be convenient for development/demo purposes.

To change the host ports mapping, replace the following part -p 80:80 -p 443:443 with -p 8080:80 -p 8443:443:

docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped \
  -p 8080:80 -p 8443:443 \
  rancher/rancher:latest